“US space forces conduct space control operations to ensure freedom of action in space for the US and its allies and, when directed, to deny an adversary freedom of action in space. The purpose of these operations is to achieve space superiority.” – Joint Publication 3-14, Space Operations
** We are currently updating course numbers and content. if you have a question about enrollment in the proper course, please contact the Registrar **
Space-based operations allow global adversaries to develop and field more lethal and agile military forces by simply leveraging available commercial space resources. This course considers basic orbital mechanics, space and associated terrestrial architecture, and develops a deeper understanding of the military and commercial space environment. Graduates will be able to describe space system requirements; best employment options for available space assets; and weave in ongoing and future commercial and/or military operations and their impact on national objectives.
Space is no longer the domain of the most technologically advanced countries; people worldwide rely on services provided by, or dependent upon, space assets. National security interests and objectives require commanders to integrate space capabilities, defense, and expertise across all military operations. This 2-day course is designed to expose military commanders, and the forces they direct, to the considerations of planning and conducting space operations. The course is implemented as an introduction to concepts and lexicon of space operations, which provides students with the requisite familiarization to support more advanced space training requirements. The concepts developed in this course are further explored in our advanced space training curriculum.
This 8-hour asynchronous, self-paced course raises students’ awareness of space by examining the evolution of our understanding and use of space, space as warfighting domain, and trends in the space industry. Graduates will be able to describe the characteristics of space and identify the various orbital regimes employed by spacecraft in operation today, as well as learn about the various space-based missions such as satellite communications, ISR, position navigation and timing, missile warning, and environmental monitoring. Lastly, students gain a deeper appreciation for the capabilities these missions provide and how they impact the operational environment.
Continuous improvements in technology and globalization of services led to the development and proliferation of advanced space systems across commercial, civil, and military sectors. Space capabilities underpin infrastructure and services for commerce, agriculture, humanitarian- and disaster-relief efforts, financial transactions, social networks, and national defense. This course builds upon the principles of orbital mechanics and spacecraft design from Space 100. Graduates of this course will clearly articulate how satellites, payloads, and constellations are designed to provide specific capabilities. Students thoroughly explore scientific concepts behind various space-based asset design, including the use of the Electromagnetic Spectrum in remote sensing, frequency allocation and budgets for satellite communications, and the intricacies of precision navigation and timing. Students will design a payload, spacecraft and its associated systems and sub-systems, and constellation for a specific purpose as well as describe the launch and orbital transfer parameters required to ultimately achieve their design.(Prerequisite: Space 100)
This 8-hour asynchronous expands upon the lessons learned in SP 100, and exposes the student to space-based capabilities available to policymakers and militaries around the globe. Students will be introduced to current and emerging kinetic and non-kinetic space threats, the rapid growth in commercialization of the space industry, and the driving forces behind this phenomenon. Finally, the student will be asked to describe the impact of international policy and the commercialization of space on future military acquisitions and capabilities. Potential students should be chosen for continued evaluation as candidates for progression in space-based operations or other related career fields.
Adversaries rely on a variety of integrated terrestrial, cyber, and space-based capabilities and equipment to deliver information, communications, and global awareness. The rapidly expanding commercial space industry provides low-cost space capabilities and options for nations and actors across the globe to enter a previously inaccessible domain. This course introduces the student to the who, what, and why regarding China, Russia, and commercial space programs. By examining the national objectives of both countries, their current and developing space-based capabilities, and commercial space endeavors, graduates of this course will have a firm understanding of the challenges and opportunities these doctrinally based capabilities pose to US and allied interests. This course examines Chinese, Russian, and commercial industry space capabilities: This course covers Chinese, Russian, and commercial industry space capabilities: National Objectives, Doctrine, and Organization; Space Lift; Space Domain Awareness; Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance; Position, Navigation and Timing; Satellite Communications; and Nuclear Detection, Environmental Monitoring, Missile Warning, and Missile Defense. (Prerequisite: Space 200)
“Electronic Warfare” is an asynchronous, self-paced 6-hour course designed to raise students’ awareness of space by examining the evolution of electronic warfare and the use of space, space as warfighting domain, and current trends in the emerging space industry. Graduates of this course will be able to describe the characteristics of space and identify the various electronic warfare tactics and countermeasures employed to deny, degrade, deceive, disrupt, destroy, and protect space systems. Expanding on this knowledge, the students will be given an opportunity to learn about jamming techniques, electronic support techniques, and electronic protection tactics aiding in electronic attack. Additionally, students will gain an understanding of the importance of electronic warfare and its impact on space operations.
Space 303 is an asynchronous, self-paced 8-hour course designed to raise student awareness of the different types of anti-satellite systems and their effects. Graduates of this course will be able to describe the characteristics of different types of anti-satellite systems and the effects they have on the space environment.Students will also be able to determine where on the Space Threat Continuum, each type of system is represented.
China and Russia threaten the ability of nations around the world to deter aggression, protect national interests, and fight and win future conflicts. Simultaneously, the rapidly expanding commercial space industry provides low-cost space capabilities & options for nations and actors across the globe to enter a previously inaccessible domain. China and Russia are developing a wide array of counter-space weapons to hinder international access to essential space services and purposefully interfere with the electro-magnetic spectrum. Private industry is developing orbital maintenance and orbital debris removal capabilities which will represent future counterspace threats. This course flows through the Threat Continuum providing required insight to ensure freedom of action in space and, when necessary, defend against threats and deny adversary freedom of action in space. (Prerequisite: Space 300)
Space 400 teaches students to integrate space operations into intelligence and multi-domain operations. Graduates will understand the current international legal regime and multi-national space organizations and the constraints both place on space operations. The course describes the fundamentals of space warfare as described in the US Joint Publication 3-14 and students shall be able to determine space operational requirements to protect coalition space assets and their ability to project combat power. Graduates will develop and analyze courses of action and operational requirements for the best employment of available space assets for ongoing and future military operations and communicate their knowledge to military staff and combat commanders.
The continued development and employment of dual-use technologies and techniques in space provide opportunities and threats to the continued, and unfettered, use of the space domain for commercial, military, and science users. Our Advanced Rendezvous and Proximity Operations (RPO) Course provides students a higher level of understanding and knowledge of the principles, techniques, constraints, and impacts of RPO from launch to on-orbit maneuvers. We examine the opportunities RPO offers for on-orbit inspection, repair, refuel, debris removal, and other support missions to maximize an increasingly congested domain. Students also think through RPO’s impacts to national and international security implications as part of a contested operating environment.
“Space Control” is a 7-day course designed to develop students’ knowledge of offensive and defensive space control concepts. Graduates of this course will participate in on-line discussions regarding offensive space control operations and how they are used to prevent an adversary’s hostile use of space capabilities. Expanding on this knowledge, the students will be given an opportunity to describe how the adversary gains access to space capabilities to deny, degrade, deceive, disrupt, and destroy space capabilities. Additionally, students will also examine, identify, and describe defensive space control operations. These concepts include understanding defensive space operations conducted to preserve the ability to exploit space capabilities via active and passive actions, while protecting friendly space capabilities from attack, interference, or unintentional hazards. Finally, students will be able to recognize the planning considerations when employing offensive and defensive space control capabilities by reviewing employment implications.
This course is for space professionals to develop an advanced understanding of Space Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) and its applications to civil, commercial and military problems sets. The space domain provides an unparalleled vantage point compared to the land, sea, and air domain. Collection platforms placed in space–the ultimate high ground–have the ability to provide continuous coverage even in the most heavily contested areas of the globe. Space ISR can provide civilian and military decision makers with remote sensing data, signals intelligence, indications and warning, battle damage assessments, force disposition, and characterization of the operating environment. The use of surveillance and reconnaissance satellites has evolved from more of a strategic nature to providing more time-sensitive operational and tactical levels of support. The advantage of conducting reconnaissance and surveillance from space has led to an exponential growth in the number of Space ISR satellites in orbit.
Space remains a contested, competitive, congested, costly, and complex domain for international governments and commercial entities alike. We launch into the historical underpinnings of the use of space and step through the origins, evolution, current status, and future prospects of international space policies and strategies. We also examine principles of international space law, norms, and treaties that affect ongoing and future space commerce, exploration, and security.
As the space domain continues to become more congested and contested, understanding the operational environment and key military and civilian players involved in this domain will provide a decisive advantage. Intelligence professionals play an integral role in providing evaluated and analyzed information on competitor space capabilities. Similar to other domains, intelligence is required during the mission planning process, the execution of operations, and the post-operation phase to determine operational and geopolitical effects. Knowing a competitors’ capabilities and limitations, force disposition, order of battle and intent can often mean the difference between victory and defeat. Additionally, understanding how environmental factors may impact operations is crucial to effective planning and execution of operations. Intelligence personnel should be relied upon to provide space domain awareness, frequency spectrum usage, intent of international competitors, international force disposition, environmental monitoring, and support to targeting and indications and warning (I&W). In this course, a discussion of processes and products utilized by space intelligence analysts will be discussed and how they are injected into planning and operations. Following a discussion of processes and products, the use of intelligence to support space control operations, both offensive and defensive in nature will be focused on. Lastly, this course will end with a discussion of environmental monitoring followed by the intelligence community and the roles and responsibilities of agencies/organizations that support the space domain.
Space 900 provides a foundation in space grand strategy to introduce students to space policy and published guidance that shapes strategic initiatives as nation states, allies and partners in space. Space 900 provides an overview of the space environment across all orbital regimes and introduces space capabilities to familiarize students with current examples across military, commercial, allied and civil space. This course provides a stark reality-check on our space vulnerabilities through a review of current adversary counter space capabilities and threat systems that provide a variety of critical services to all nations. We use a series of practical real-world vignettes and examples, to engage the student with situations where space capabilities and space mission areas are applied in support of multi-domain operations. Our discussions and exercises illustrate space interoperability, synchronization, support, and effects across the spectrum of operations. Finally, Space 900 incorporates multiple senior leader perspectives, ranging from the Department of Defense, allied/partner leaders, as well as leaders from commercial space industry. Space 900 offers the unique opportunity to have face-to-face dialogues with space enterprise leaders to enrich your experience and learning with seasoned perspective to achieve a greater awareness of the space environment, threats, and capabilities.
- Space 103 – Math for Space
- Space 202 – Advanced Orbital Mechanics
- Space 203 – Joint Planning Process
- Space 204 – Space Surveillance Network & Space Object Surveillance and Identification
- Space 302 – Cyberspace
- Space 304 – Interference Detection, Attribution, And Geolocation
- Space 420 – Space Domain Awareness
- Space 450 – Space Battle Management
- Space 470 – Space Acquisitions